On August 18th, under the initiative of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, the Central Enterprise Electric Vehicle Industry Alliance was formally established in Beijing. On the same day, 16 central enterprises made their debut as initiators. From the perspective of the alliance's structure, all 16 companies have entered into the three expert committees under the company and based on their respective advantages, they have formed a complete industrial chain from battery supply to vehicle production to charging service. If reasonable allocation of various corporate resources, the central enterprises will play a leading role in the industrialization of electric vehicles.
Comments: As Miao Wei, vice minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said, the biggest advantage of vehicle companies is to provide product platforms for batteries, motors, and electronic control systems. Public opinion believes that in the development of new energy vehicles in China, the automobile central enterprises must bravely take on heavy burdens and devote all their energy to undertake and complete their historic mission. The close cooperation between the three major vehicle companies and the two home appliance drive system companies will accelerate the pace of development of China's electric vehicle industry.
In 1998, China FAW began to develop electric vehicles with the red flag as its carrier. During the "10th Five-Year Plan" and "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period, China FAW took on the national "863 Plan" for electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles. In 2005, liberated brand hybrid buses were off the assembly line, and the company had the ability to produce small-volume vehicles. China FAW's independently developed hybrid passenger car system configuration was authorized by the U.S. National Patent Office, and the fuel saving rate of the Pentium hybrid car equipped with this system reached 41.2%. The research, development, and production plans of China FAW pure electric cars have been implemented on the Pentium B50 and Weizhi platforms. The product announcement announcement will be completed in October 2010.
Dongfeng Motor started the research and development of new energy vehicle technology very early. The Dongfeng Automotive Technology Center, established in 1983, is responsible for various aspects including hybrid vehicles. Dongfeng Motor's Electric Vehicle Co., Ltd. is responsible for the development of vehicle controllers and has the first domestic electric vehicle engineering research center. For many years, Dongfeng Motor has declared 49 new energy vehicles patents and 35 approved. Dongfeng hybrid bus started demonstration operation in 2003. At present, pure electric passenger cars, construction vehicles and vans have been operated and used in some cities throughout the country.
Changan, China, began research and development of electric vehicles in 2002. At present, it has made breakthroughs in the areas of hybrid power, plug-in hybrid power, and pure electric power. In terms of hybrid power, Jiexun hybrid sedan has been on the market. In the field of electric vehicles, it has more than 100 electric vehicle technology patents (of which more than 30 invention patents); has Ben Ben, Yue Xiang, Saibao and other pure electric cars, including Saibao, Benben pure electric vehicles have entered the "Announcement." In the next decade of planning, China Changan will strive to "lead new energy vehicles" to develop and build an internationally competitive automotive enterprise group.
After more than 20 years of efforts, Dongfang Electric Group has made outstanding achievements in the R&D and industrialization of electric vehicle powertrain technology. The motor products have been serialized, with more than 30 specifications and models, and power ranges from 4kW to 200 kW, covering pure electric, Hybrid, fuel cell three types of electric vehicles. At present, the group has established a research and service team consisting of four professor-level senior engineers, six doctors, and fifteen senior engineers from the Academia Sinica and its wholly-owned subsidiary Sichuan Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd. to build high-level electric vehicles. Powertrain system laboratory and annual production of 50,000 electric vehicle powertrain production lines.
Advantage: Motor and its drive system
CSR began researching and developing electric drive systems for electric vehicles since 2001. After nearly 10 years of accumulation, it has basically the following core technological capabilities: the integration capability of motor drive systems for electric buses; asynchronous motors for electric vehicles, permanent magnet synchronization Vector control algorithm for motor; design of induction motor and permanent magnet synchronous traction motor for electric vehicles; design of inverter module for electric vehicles; design of water cooling system for electric vehicle motor drive system; . Related products have been applied and tested at the Beijing Olympic Games.
Comments: The battery is the core component of an electric vehicle, and it is also the key to determine whether China can rely on the development of new energy vehicles to surpass the world advanced level. At present, China has yet to make breakthroughs in terms of battery life, control system, one-time charging mileage, and key materials. The five selected central enterprises have strong technical research and development and financial strength in battery development, and they believe that they will accelerate the breakthrough in battery core technology.
Advantages: Lithium-ion battery
In 2009, with the support of the SASAC, CNOOC reorganized Tianjin Lishen Battery Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as â€œLishenâ€). Lishen Corporation specializes in R&D, production and operation of lithium batteries, and has the only national-level enterprise technology center in the battery industry. At present, it has an annual capacity of 20,000 sets of electric vehicle power batteries, and has mastered more than 500 core technologies such as lithium-ion battery box super capacitors. In 2009, the company established the Lishen Institute. With the development of the electric vehicle industry, power batteries have become the focus of the development of the company.
Advantages: Lithium-ion batteries and key materials
The Institute of Research and Development began to develop lithium batteries and key materials in 1992. In 2002, the â€œResearch and Industrialization of Lithium-Ion Batteries and Their Electrode Materialsâ€ won the first prize for China Nonferrous Metals Science and Technology. Since the 10th Five-Year Plan, the Research Institute has developed two series of lithium-ion power batteries and key materials using lithium manganate and lithium iron phosphate as cathode materials, and the product performance has met the technical requirements for electric vehicles. At present, the Research Institute has focused on the development of high-performance lithium-ion battery and electrode materials, development of silicon-based anode materials and high-capacity cathode materials, breaking through foreign patented technologies, and significantly improving the performance of lithium-ion batteries for vehicles.
Advantages: Lithium-ion battery
The AVIC lithium battery industry has become a leading professional manufacturer of large-capacity, high-magnification, long-life lithium-ion battery, and is the core drafting unit for lithium-ion battery industry standards. Has applied for more than 30 lithium-ion battery and module related patents, has formed an annual output of 40Ah ~ 500Ah various types of single-cell battery 60 million ampere-hour stable production capacity, to achieve 20,000 sets of 24V ~ 600 V series battery management system and power supply Power delivery capabilities of the platform's power modules, energy storage modules, and military modules. Its lithium battery has been used in civil applications such as electric vehicles.
Advantages: Lithium-ion battery
China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation's Shanghai Aerospace Power Supply Technology Co., Ltd. (referred to as aerospace power supply) is specialized in the development, production and sales of new energy products based on power lithium ion batteries and its management systems. At present, it is undertaking a major project of "High-performance Lithium-ion Power Battery and Management System Industrialization" (2009~2012) of Shanghai New Energy Automobile High-tech Industrialization. It plans to form an annual production capacity of 100 million ampere-hours vehicle lithium-ion battery in 2012. Production capacity and supporting capacity of million sets of pure electric car power battery system.
Advantages: Lithium-ion battery and charger equipment
Since 1998, the aerospace science and technology industry has been conducting research on large-capacity lithium-ion batteries and has made breakthroughs in a number of key technologies, mainly including: improved technologies for lithium iron phosphate materials, and preparation technologies for high-conductivity, power-type lithium iron phosphate motors. Large-scale production of lithium iron phosphate motor, stable production technology, battery cooling technology. At present, the company has developed two types of chargers for general-purpose and fast-charged models, which are used in sanitation vehicles, electric buses, and small passenger vehicles.
Comments: The electric vehicle charging can be as convenient as the traditional fuel vehicle refueling, which is the key to decide whether the electric vehicle can be accepted by ordinary users and then realize industrialization. From the perspective of professional division of labor, the six companies have great advantages in terms of power supply, network operation, charging station standard formulation and construction, and supporting facilities, and can provide protection for the popularization of electric vehicles from different angles.
Advantages: Charging station (point)
As of the end of 2009, the State Grid Corporation of China applied 112 electric vehicles and built 57 charging stations; promoted the construction of 15 electric bus lines, commissioned 676 electric buses and passenger cars, and actively cooperated with France, Italy, Israel, and other countries. Carried out the exchange of experience in the construction and operation of electric vehicle charging facilities; successfully developed a variety of DC chargers, charging piles, and charging monitoring systems. In 2010, the State Grid Corporation of China established 11 standardized public charging and swapping stations to undertake and complete the drafting and preparation of standard documents for electric vehicle charging stations.
Advantage: Energy Supply Network
In the field of new energy automotive applications, Putian has established a new business model that focuses on charging station construction and networked operation services. In 2009, the company cooperated with CNOOC to establish Putian Offshore Oil New Energy Power Co., Ltd. As a platform for investment and development of the new energy automotive industry, Putian Offshore Oil is committed to providing professional and networked operational services through the construction of a nationwide electric vehicle energy supply network, and promoting the rapid development of the entire electric vehicle industry chain.
Advantages: Charging station (point, pile)
At present, China Southern Power Grid has organized a series of corporate standards such as â€œGeneral Requirements for Charging of Electric Vehiclesâ€ and built the first charging facilities including two charging stations and 134 charging posts in Shenzhen, and with Guangdong, Guangxi and other provinces. The regional government signed a cooperation agreement for the promotion of electric vehicles. In 2010, China Southern Power Grid Corporation will continue to do a good job in the research of electric vehicle charging facility pilots and institutional management mechanisms, actively promote the application of electric vehicles in public transportation and other public utilities, and cooperate with the development and operation of good charging facilities.
Advantages: New energy technology development capabilities
In 2006, CNPC set up a management department responsible for the development and utilization of new energy, and listed the development and utilization of renewable energy in the company's "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" development plan. In 2007, the company formulated the development goals for new energy business, namely actively promoting the development of CBM scale; stabilizing the development of biomass energy; striving to explore the comprehensive utilization of geothermal resources and continuously strengthening the evaluation of unconventional resources such as oil shale, shale gas and oil sands Advancing the research on the utilization of solar energy, wind energy, and water-gas utilization; closely tracking the latest developments in technologies such as electric vehicles, hydrogen energy, and natural gas hydrates.
Advantages: charging station
Sinopec is committed to the development and utilization of new energy and alternative energy, and pays close attention to and actively participates in the development of electric vehicle-related industries. Under the unified guidance of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of China, Sinopec actively participated in the research and formulation of relevant specifications and standards for vehicle charging stations. At the end of 2009, Sinopec authorized its subsidiary Beijing Petroleum Subsidiary to establish a joint venture with relevant departments in Beijing to establish Beijing Sinopec Secco New Energy Technology Co., Ltd. and actively explore the use of existing networks to develop electric vehicle-related business models and prepare existing gas stations. The pilot business of charging stations for electric vehicles was launched.
Advantages: supporting facilities
With the development of the electric vehicle industry in China, consumers of electric vehicles need to store and use the venues conveniently and quickly. The advantages of Poly Group, which focuses on real estate, are here. In the future, the company will work with other brother companies to jointly promote the research and development of national standards for supporting electric vehicles.
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